To maximize function after a brain injury or concussion, a four pillared approach is used for cognitive rehabilitation:
- Education – Providing education to the client and/or caregivers about the injury/illness and what brain changes and challenges are to be expected can alleviate the stress and anxiety that often accompanies this injury. Education is on-going throughout the program.
- Attention process training (APT) and other methodologies such as brain tree and computer based programs are utilized to assist with improving attention, concentration and processing speed.
- Strategy Training – Strategies are provided to compensate for memory, attention and other cognitive deficits. Examples of strategies can be low tech such as the use of a daily structured schedule to high tech such as the use of a smart phone.
- Functional Activity Training – Graded Functional Activities are developed to assist the client to reach their identified goals and return to the roles in their daily life. This can include work simulation activities that prepare the client for return to work or for vocational training.